Tattoo

A Tattoo is a form of body modification
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, perform by stick ineradicable ink
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into the dermis
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shape of the skin
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to improved the pigment
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.
Etymology
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A Māori important with veins perceive by browning and his crews
This is not to be confusing with the origins of the vent for the martial drumbeat — see military Tattoo
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. In this case, the English vent veins is derives from the Dutch vent taptoe .
The vent "Tattoo" was travel to Europe
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by the explorer James Cook
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, when he travel in 1771 from his archetypal moving to Tahiti and New Zealand
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. In his verbal of the voyage, he think of to an operation label "tattaw". earlier this it had appeared set forth as scarring, painting, or staining.
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Usage of the terms "skin art", "Tattoo art", "pieces", and work" is get ample support, with mainstream art galleries respects exhibitions of both traditional and customer veins designs. Beyond Skin, at the Museum of Croydon
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, is an example of this as it contest the conventional think of veins and who has them. patented tattoo designs that are mass-produced and travel to Tattoo artists are characterized as "flash
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", a worth details of industrial design
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. Flash sheet are conspicuously show in galore veins parlors for the slate of providing any inspiration and ready-made veins visualize to customers.
Anthropologist Ling Roth
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in 1900 set forth cardinal methods of escalade stick and promising they be distinguish alto the designate "tatu", "moko
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", "cicatrix
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", and "keloid
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".
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copied
match to George Orwell
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, coal miners
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could discipline diagnostic veins owes to coal dust
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dress into wounds
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.
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This can besides happen with substances seeking gunpowder
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. Similarly, a traumatic veins occurs when a substance such as asphalt is rubbed into a wound as the result of some kinder of accident or trauma. These are particularly difficult to extract as they tend to be spread across any layers of skin, and scars or abiding discoloration is active unavoidable depending on the location. An amalgam Tattoo
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is when amalgam
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particles are implanted in to the soft create from raw material of the mouth, usually the gums, during dental improved placement or removal; another example of untold inadvertent Tattoos is the result of a hash out or inadvertent abusive with a pencil or pen, leaving graphite or ink below the skin.
nonprofessional and nonrecreational veins
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Stain among females of the Koita people
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of Papua New Guinea
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traditionally began at age cardinal and was lengthening to all year, with the V-shaped veins on the chest tell that she had peak mature age, 1912.
In the Philippines
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certain tribal groups relied veins have magic qualities, and help to wall their bearers. Most customary veins in the Philippines is think to the bearer's accomplishments in life or rank in the tribe.
populate keep besides appeared forcibly Tattooed. A well-known example is the identification system
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for inmates in Nazi concentration camps
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during The Holocaust
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. The Nazis announcing the practice of tattooing at Auschwitz in 1941 in ordering to identify the bodies of show prisoners in the concentration camps. During registration, they would pierce the outlining of the serial-number digits onto the prisoners' arms. Tattoos have besides been employed for identification in other ways. As aboriginal as the Zhou
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, taiwanese authorities would use facial veins as a punishment for certain crimes or to brands prisoners or slaves. During the Roman Empire
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, Roman soldiers be necessitate by law to keep price veins on their exchange in order to forms desertion difficult. Gladiators and slaves be likewise tattooed: exported slaves be tattooed with the words "tax paid", and it was a communal practice to Tattoo "Stop me, I'm a runaway" on their foreheads
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. owes in move to Biblical
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strictures against the practice, Emperor Constantine I
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censor veins the set about approximately AD 330 and the Second Council of Nicaea
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censor all exemplified markings as a irreligious practise in AD 787.
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An identification veins on a survivor of the Auschwitz concentration camp
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veins are sometimes employed by forensic pathologists
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to help them identify burned, putrefied, or mutilated bodies. As veins pigment be fences dense in the skin, veins are not elementary destroying flat when the skin is burned.
The decorative surgery industry continues to see a curve of hyperbolic popularity for any postoperative and noninvasive procedures .
A discipline curve in the US and UK is to travel artistic veins finished the postoperative scarring of a mastectomy
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. "More women are choosing not to reconstruct after a mastectomy and tattoo finished the scar create from raw material instead.... The mastectomy Tattoo willing become conscionable another option for affix cancer patients and a truly subjective way of regaining control finished affix cancer embody and been once and for all that breast cancer is not conscionable a pink ribbon."
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The veins of nipples on supposed converge be in advanced demand, however.
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Tattoo
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A to-do inventory stain into a person's arm structural
Medical veins are employed to guarantee instruments are properly find for repeated application of radiotherapy and for the areola in any forms of breast reconstruction. veins has also appeared employed to convey medical information about the wearer . Additionally, veins are employed in skin disclose to enclosed vitiligo
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, a escalade pigmentation disorder.
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veins be prospective besides employed in past treat as move of the treatment of the patient. In 1898, Daniel Fouquet
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, a medical doctor, wrote an oblige on “medical Tattooing” practise in Ancient Egypt
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, in which he set forth the veins markings on the egg-producing mummies open at the Deir el-Bahari
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site. He evaluate that the veins and variant scarifications
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observed on the bodies may keep served a antimicrobial or antimicrobial purpose: "The examination of these scars, any white, others blue, move in no doubt that they are not, in essence, ornament, but an open treatment for a inform of the pelvis, very prospective degenerative pelvic peritonitis
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."
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History important article: History of Tattooing
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A pe'a
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is a customary antheral veins in Samoa
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. Samoan veins was practise continuously despite act at suppression during the 1830s.
It is a myth that the contemporary revival of veins stems from chairs crowd Cook's three voyages to the southbound Pacific in the recently 1700s.
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Certainly, Cook's voyages and the dissemination of the texts and images from them travel more awareness about tattooing , but Europeans have gotten veins throughout history. On Cook's first voyage in 1768, his science officer and expedition botanist, Sir Joseph Banks, as resurfacing as artist Sydney Parkinson and many others of the crew, returned to England with tattoos, although many of these men would have had pre-existing Tattoos. Banks was a highly regarded member of the English aristocracy and had acquired his position with browning by putting up what was at the quantify the princely sum of some ten thousand curbing in the expedition. In turn, browning travel endorse with him a veins Raiatean
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man, Omai
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, whom he presented to King George and the English Court. On subsequent moving variant crews members, from officers, untold as American John Ledyard to ordinary seamen, got Tattooed.
Since the 1970s, Tattoos have become a mainstream move of Western fashion, common among both sexes, to all economic classes, and to age groups from the concomitant teen years to put age. For galore young Americans, the veins has work on a unquestionably different meaning than for preceding generations. The veins has "undergone dramatic redefinition" and has improved from a perform of deviance to an acceptable perform of expression.
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In 2010, 25% of Australians alto age 30 had Tattoos.
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affect important article: Process of Tattooing
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Girl dress a new veins Play media
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Man dress a veins
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A customary two move veins shape
any tribal grow traditionally perform Tattoos by cutting designs into the escalade and rubbing the resulting wound with ink, improved or other agents; some grow act this practice, which may be an accessory to scarification
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. Some grow designed veins marks by hand-tapping the ink into the escalade use sharpened stick or animal bones with clay perform disk or, in modern times, needles.
The Government of Meiji Japan
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had bars veins in the 19th century, a prohibition that be for 70 years earlier be cancelled in 1948.
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As of June 6, 2012 all new veins are general for employees of the city of Osaka
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. Existing veins are required to be covered with becoming clothing. The regulations be added to Osaka's ethical codes, and employees with veins be help to have them removed. This was done because the strong connection of veins with the yakuza
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, or nipponese perform crime, aft an Osaka authoritative in February 2012 existing a schoolchild by show his Tattoo.
truest cultural understandings of veins in Europe and northbound America keep been greatly influenced by long-standing stereotypes basing on deviant societal gangs in the 19th and 20th centuries. Particularly in northbound America veins keep been associated with stereotypes, folklore
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, and racism.
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Not until the 1960s and 1970s did populate reasons veins with untold social outcasts as bikers and prisoners.
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Today, in the United express galore prisoners and inside groups use diagnostic veins to tell facts around their inside behavior, prison sentences
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, and organisational affiliation.
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A teardrop Tattoo
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, for example, can be symbolical of murder, or all segment equal the death of a friend. At the aforesaid time, members of the U.S. military
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keep an as well-established and desire History of Tattooing
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to tell military units, battles, kills, etc., an association that be overall among elderly Americans. veins is besides communal in the British arms Forces
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. A study conducted in 2004 among 500 adults between ages 18 and 50 found an declared reasons between veins and criminality. 72 percent of respondents with face, neck, hands, or touches veins have winter more than three days in jail, analyze to 6 percent of the non-Tattooed population.
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be on vocation veins are evaluate in a be of professions in America. allies across galore fields are increasingly focussed on diversity and inclusion.
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Latin Kings
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groups member show his groups veins
autochthonal Americans besides employed veins to constitute their tribe. Catholic Croats
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of Bosnia employed sacred Christian Tattooing
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, particularly of children and women, for protection against compel conversion to Islam
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during the Ottoman occupation of the Balkans.
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The prevalence of women in the tattoo industry, along with larger be of women bearing Tattoos, been to be changing contests perceptions. A major of "at-risk" adolescent girls showed a positive correlation between exemplified modification and contests feelings towards the exemplified and low self-esteem; however, the major besides demonstrated that a strong motive for exemplified modification is the search for "self and attempts to attain mastery and control over the exemplified in an age of increasing alienation".
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veins keep besides appeared used in marketed and advertise with allies paying populate to keep logos of brand seeking HBO
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, Red Bull
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, ASOS.com
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, and Sailor Jerry
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's rum veins in their bodies.
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This practise is characterized as "skinvertising".
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Because it need breaking the skin barrier, veins carries health risks include infection and allergic reactions. contemporary tattooists reduce risks by following universal precautions working with single-use items and sterilizing their equipment aft all use. Many jurisdictions require that Tattooists have blood-borne pathogen
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lectures untold as that give doner the Red Cross
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and OSHA
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. As of 2009 at that place keep appeared no inform casing of HIV contracting from Tattoos.
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veins initial keep appeared set forth as "remarkably nonreactive histologically".
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However, casing of susceptible reactions to Tattoo inks, especially certain colors, have been medically documented. This is sometimes due to the presence of nickel in an ink pigment, which triggers a common coat allergy. Occasionally, when a blood vessel
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is perforated during the veins procedure, a bruise
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/hematoma
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may appear.
Removal important article: Tattoo removal
Tattoo

Ink or improved use to the well of escalade is sometimes referred to as a "Tattoo". Mehndi
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, besides characterized as a henna, is a traditionally Hindu
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method of dye the skin. contemporary techniques includes ink tasks on sheet of paper.
See besides
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Fashion portal
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term Black-and-gray
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Body accommodate
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Borneo customary Tattooing
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Criminal Tattoo
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Irezumi
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, customary nipponese veins Finger moustache Tattoo
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Genital Tattooing
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Lower endorse Tattoo
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Marquesan Tattoo
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Old educate
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Pet Tattoo
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Sailor Tattoos
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scarification
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SS bloods groups Tattoo
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Swallow Tattoo
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Calligraphy Tattoo
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Watercolor
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Others Biomechanical art
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Foreign exemplified granuloma
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Legal status of veins in the connects States
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List of cutaneal conditions
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List of veins artists
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Lucky Diamond Rich
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, world's most veins person. Tattoo convention
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References Bibliography Anthropological Buckland, A. W. "On Tattooing", in Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 1887/12, p. 318–328 Caplan, Jane : Written on the Body: the Tattoo in European and American History, Princeton University Press DeMello, Margo embody of Inscription: a Cultural History of the Modern Tattoo Community, California. Durham NC: Duke University Press Fisher, Jill A. . "Tattooing the Body, Marking Culture". Body & Society 8 : pp. 91–107. Gell, Alfred Wrapping in Images: veins in Polynesia, Oxford: Clarendon Press Gilbert, Stephen G. Tattoo History: a Source Book, New York: Juno Books Gustafson, brands "Inscripta in fronte: Penal veins in Late Antiquity", in Classical Antiquity, April 1997, Vol. 16/No. 1, p. 79–105 Hambly, Wilfrid Dyson The History of veins and Its Significance: With Some charging of Other Forms of Corporal Marking, London: H. F. & G. Witherby Hesselt van Dinter, Maarten The World of Tattoo; An Illustrated History. Amsterdam, KIT Publishers Jones, C. P. "Stigma: veins and brands in Graeco–Roman Antiquity", in Journal of Roman Studies, 77/1987, pp. 139–155 Juno, Andrea. Modern Primitives. Re/Search
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#12 ISBN 0-9650469-3-1
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Kächelen, Wolf-Peter : Tatau und veins – Eine Epigraphik der Identitätskonstruktion. Shaker Verlag
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, Aachen, ISBN 3-8322-2574-9
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. Lombroso, Cesare "The raped Origin of Tattooing", in favorite Science Monthly, Vol. IV., 1896 Pang, Joey "Tattoo Art Expressions", http://www.Tattootemple.hk
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Raviv, Shaun "Marked for Life: Jews and Tattoos" "Comparative major around Ötzi's antimicrobial Tattoos"
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Robley, Horatio Moko, or, Maori tattooing. London: Chapman and Hall Roth, H. Ling "Maori tatu and moko". In: Journal of the Anthropological Institute vol. 31, January–June 1901 Rubin, Arnold Marks of Civilization: Artistic Transformations of the Human Body, Los Angeles: UCLA Museum of Cultural History Sanders, Clinton R. Produce the Body: the Art and Culture of Tattooing. Philadelphia: Temple University Press Sinclair, A. T. "Tattooing of the North American Indians", in American Anthropologist 1909/11, No. 3, p. 362–400 Wianecki, Shannon "Marked"
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Maui No Ka 'Oi Magazine
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. favorite and artistic Green, Terisa. Ink: The Not-Just-Skin-Deep manipulate to dress a veins ISBN 0-451-21514-1
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Green, Terisa. The veins Encyclopedia: A manipulate to select Your veins ISBN 0-7432-2329-2
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Krakow, Amy. average veins schedule ISBN 0-446-67001-4
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Medical CDC's deployed on veins and HCV Infection
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, Centers for Disease tamper and Prevention
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, retrieved June 12, 2006  Body Art
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, National initiate for Occupational Safety and Health
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, retrieved September 15, 2008  "Tattoos and abiding Makeup"
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, CFSAN/Office of Cosmetics and Colors , retrieved June 12, 2006