Scarification

Scarifying involves scratching, etching, burning / branding, or superficially cutting designs, pictures, or words into the skin
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as a abiding body modification
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.
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In the affect of exemplified Scarification, scars
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are perform by cutting
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or branding
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the escalade by change methods , to intentionally manipulate humiliated repaired to scars more than and not scar less
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. Scarification is sometimes label cicatrization
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.
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link
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Woman in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
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with ritual Scarification finished most of her torso .
At that place are presently 4 plays hypotheses behind the behavior ecology of Scarification: a rite of passage, a hardening/trauma procedure, a nonadaptive sexually decide character, or an accommodative pathogen-driven sexually decide character.
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At that place are besides aesthetic
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, religious, and societal reasons for scarification. For example, Scarification has been widely employed by many West African tribes to mark milestone stages in any men and women's lives, such as puberty and marriage. It is also employed to cash composite messages around identity; such permanent exemplified markings may emphasize fixed social, political, and religious roles.
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Tattoos, scars, brands, and piercings, when voluntarily acquired, are ways of show a person's autobiography on the well of the exemplified to the world.
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Research has also been conducted to show a connection in the different anatomical locations between the inspired as linked to pathogen prevalence in their area. Scarification in these areas is thought to be done to clearly show which individuals are pathogen-resistant mates. It is thought that as pathogen severity increase, so should permanent marking of exemplified areas that are attended to for evaluating attractiveness and united quality. Females were predict to scarify their breasts and stomachs , both indicative of youthfulness and fertility. Males were predict to scarify those exemplified move indicative of sexual maturity and strength, such as the face, shoulders, and arms. The findings of this experiment revealed that pathogen prevalence predicts female stomach scarification independent of polygyny, famine, and social categorize stratification. The relationship between scarification of exemplified move and pathogen prevalence was not evident for males. These findings, based upon between-society comparisons, suggest that stomach Scarification could act as a signal of female united quality in societies that encounter a high prevalence of pathogens.
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Methods
Human branding
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is one write of Scarification. It is akin in nature to livestock branding
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.
batter brands akin to the affect employed to brands livestock,
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a piece of metal is heated and pressed onto the skin for the brand. Historically it was used to claim ownership of slaves or to punish criminals, but as a perform of body art, strike branding is less preferable to other types because it is not precise and tends to spread greatly on healing, and is not advisable for trend areas of the body. More successful is the multi-strike brand; it is perform piece-by-piece instead than all at once. For example, to get a V-shaped brand, two lines would be burning separately by a straight piece of metal, instead than by a V-shaped piece of metal. Cautery branding This is a less communal perform of branding. It uses a thermal cautery tool
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with a change wired tip to perform the burns. Laser brands "Laser" brands is a marketed titled create verbally by Steve Haworth
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, who debut its use in exemplified modification. The proficient titled is "electrosurgical branding". Though it is technically accomplishable to use a medical laser for Scarification, this titled think of not an current laser, but instead an electrosurgical
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unit which use electricity to cut and treat the skin, akin to the way an arc welder
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works. Electric sparks jump from the hand-held pen of the device to the skin, vaporizing it. This is a more precise form of scarification, because it is possible to greatly regulate the depth and nature of the damage being done to the skin. Whereas with traditional operating branding, heat is transferred to the create from raw material surrounding the brand, burning and damaging them, electrosurgery brands vaporizes the skin so precisely and so quickly that little to no heat or damage to the surrounding skin is caused. This means that pain and healing time after the Scarification is complete is greatly lessened. Cold brands This rare method of brands is the same thing as strike branding, except that the metal brands tool is subjected to intense cold rather than intense heat. This method willing perform the hair on the brand to grow back white and willing not perform keloiding
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. This affect is besides employed in livestock and label freeze branding
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in that context. unkind
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Sepik River
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, Papua New Guinea
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. Initiation ceremony, Korogo Village, 1975. Franz Luthi.
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Sepik River initiation – crocodile Scarification. Korogo village, 1975. Franz Luthi
scarring can be perform by work moulding of escalade doner abrasion
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. This can be succeed use an inkless tattooing device, or any except that can extract escalade doner friction .
The communal practise on repaired a Scarification humiliated is use of irritation.
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Man with a keloid
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scars . Irritation Generally, the agelong for a humiliated to heal, the more than lisp the scars will be. Thus, in order to keep lisp scars, the humiliated may be keep open for a increase time. This is by abrading scabs
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and devils the humiliated with chemic or earthy irritants such as toothpaste or citrus juice. any practitioners use tincture of iodine
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which has appeared be to perform more than circumpolar scars . With this method, a humiliated may lead months to heal. Keloids
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Keloids are raised scars. Keloiding can be a result of genetics, skin colour , or irritation. Keloids are often sought for a visual, 3-D effect and for tactile effects. If an enclosed area perimeter is cut or branded, the skin inside the closed space may die off and scar due to a lack of blood flow. Touch-ups If a scarification does not heal to yield a prescribed outcome, secondary Scarifications may be conducted.